Understanding drainage volume and improved permeability of stimulated rock is essential to forecasting production, according to MicroSeismic Inc.
This latest patented invention relates to fluid treatment and, more particularly, to an improved treatment apparatus for destroying aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in fluids used in oil and gas recovery and conditioning of said fluid for reuse, Ecosphere said in the release.
A process called forward-osmosis is applied to clean water used in hydraulic fracturing.
Researchers estimate that for every gallon of water used to frac for natural gas, Texas saved 33 gallons of water by using that gas for electricity generation.
The industry is divided on hydraulic fracturing technology. An objective view is needed to sort out the confusion and decide on best processes.
Developers of a new technology say the process can remove nearly all organic materials from produced water.