Libya’s crude production has fallen by 360,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) after armed brigades blockaded pipelines and closed three oil fields, state-run National Oil Corp. (NOC) said on Aug. 30.
The shutdowns have so far cost $160 million in lost oil sales, the NOC said in a statement. The NOC said it would supply its Zawiya refinery by sea to keep the plant producing for domestic consumption after the Sharara, El Feel and Hamada oil fields were closed.
Libya’s oil infrastructure has been hit often by protests and fighting since Libya descended into chaos after the 2011 uprising that ousted long-term leader Muammar Gaddafi. A U.N.-backed government struggles to impose control over rival armed factions vying for power.
Production had recently edged back up to just over 1 MMbbl/d after the NOC managed to negotiate the reopening of several fields through talks with local communities and tribal leaders. Major ports were also reopened.
“This is a national tragedy. Our production was recovering, not enough to balance the budget. But it was enough to give us hope the financial situation could stabilize,” NOC chief Mustafa Sanalla said. “Now we are sliding backwards.”
An armed group claiming to be part of the Petroleum Facilities Guard—a semi-official brigade protecting oilfields—shut down a pipeline to Sharara oil field last week to demand more resources for the brigade’s home region of Zintan in western Libya.
The NOC said that on Aug. 19 the Reyayna patrol unit closed the Reyayan valve on the crude oil pipeline which links Sharara and the Zawiya refinery.
Sharara, which was producing about 280,000 bbl/d, had been shut a week ago. Sharara is Libya’s largest oilfield. NOC declared force majeure on loadings of Sharara crude from the Zawiya oil terminal. The NOC said it would now supply by sea instead.
The NOC said the group also closed pipeline No. 18, which produces 8,000 bbl/d linking the Hamada field and Zawiya, on Aug. 25 and a day later raided the control room of the El Feel oil field and stopped 70,000 bpd of output there.
A force majeure is still in place on all three fields.
Hit by protests, militant violence and pipeline blockades, Libya’s crude production has at times fallen below 300,000 bbl/d, far from the 1.6 MMbbl/d the North African state produced before the 2011 revolt against Gaddafi.